हामी कहाँ चुक्यौ ?

फिल्मीखबर, काठमाडौं, २०७१ चैत्र ३०, सोमवार

हरेक बर्षलाई भित्तामा झुण्डिएको क्यालेन्डरलाई फेर्दै गर्दा हामी व्यक्तिगत, समाज, देश अनि विश्वको समिक्षा गर्छौ । कहिलेकाहीँ क्यालेण्डरसँगै मानिसको जीवन पनि फेरिन्छ । तर, विगत केही बर्षदेखिको आँकडा हेर्ने हो भने नेपाली फिल्मका लागि क्यालेन्डर फेरिनु बाहेक अरु केही पनि देखिएको छैन । बर्षभरिको क्यालेन्डर पल्ट्याउदै हेर्ने हो भने नेपाली फिल्म क्षेत्रले केही पनि उपलब्धि हासिल गर्न सकेको छैन । आखिर, किन त ? साँच्चै हामी चुकेका नै हौ त ?

नयाँ बर्ष लागेसँगै आशाका किरणहरु छरपष्ट हुन्छन् । नयाँ बर्षसँगै नयाँ आशा बोकेर कैयौ फिल्मको घोषणा गरिन्छ, शुभकामना थापिन्छ । तर, त्यही बर्ष त्यो फिल्म प्रदर्शनमा आएको अत्तोपत्तो नै हुँदैन । साच्चै हामी कहाँ चुक्यौ ?बलिउड फोबियाले गाजेको नेपाली फिल्म बजारमा हामी सधै नै एउटा न एउटा बहाना बनाएर दोष अरु माथि थोपर्छौ । फिल्म नराम्रो बने निर्देशकको गल्ती, राम्रो बने सबै मैले गर्दा भएको हो भन्ने प्रथा हामीले बोकेका छौ ।

यो बर्ष आँकडाका हिसाबले करिब ८३ वटा फिल्म प्रदर्शनमा आएका छन् । बलिउड फिल्मलाई हेर्ने हो भने त यो संख्या १३० को हारहारीमा पुग्छ । अझ, यसैबर्षदेखि त बलिउडसँगै दक्षिण भारतीय फिल्मको व्यापार पनि नेपालमा सुरु भैसकेको छ । ८३ वटा फिल्म चल्दा हामीले हातमा सेकेण्डमै गन्न सक्ने उपलब्धि पाएका छौ । यसैले पाएका कम छौ, गुमाएका धेरै छौ । नेपाली फिल्म यसरी हरेक बर्ष चुक्नुको पछाडि गल्ती एकको मात्र छैन । नेपाली फिल्मसँग जोडिएर आफ्नो दैनिकी चलाउँदै आएका सबैजसो यो सूचिमा अटेका छन् । फिल्म चल्दा म हिट नचल्दा निर्देशक र निर्माताले गर्दा भनेर पन्छिने बाटो कलाकारले छोड्न जरुरी छ ।

यो बर्ष हिट भएका फिल्मको सूची हेर्ने हो भने भनिदै आएको फरक धारले हावा खाएको छ । फरक धारका फिल्म सबैजसो असफल हुँदा मुलधारकै फिल्म सफल भएका छन् । दर्शक दिमाग खियाउने होइन, हेरुन्जेल रमाइलो दिने फिल्म हेर्न चाहन्छन् भन्ने पुष्टि भएको छ ।नेपाली फिल्म क्षेत्र एउटा ल्याब जस्तो भएको छ । जहाँ जानेका, नजानेका, सिक्दै गरेका आफ्नो सिप परिक्षणका लागि आउँछन् । सबै खालका मानिसको परिक्षण गर्ने केन्द्र बन्दा नेपाली फिल्म हावाहुरी आएको समय जस्तो बनेको छ । जहाँ, धुलो, फोहोरमैला, राम्रा नराम्रा सबै कुरा उडिरहेका हुन्छन् । यी हुन्डरीबाट नेपाली फिल्मलाई नजोगाएसम्म हामी कहाँ चुक्यौ भनेर समिक्षा मात्र भइरहन्छ । हामी यसकारण सफल भयौ भनेर खुशी साट्ने दिन सायदै आउँला ।

कथावस्तु, प्रस्तुति, प्रचार र ब्रान्ड बनाउने कुरामा नेपाली फिल्म यो बर्ष पनि पछि पर्यो । आफूलाई अब्बल निर्देशक बनाउनका लागि स्तरियता होइन, संख्यालाई आधार मान्ने चलन बढ्यो । म यति वटा फिल्म खेलेको कलाकार, म यति वटा फिल्म बनाएको निर्देशक ? स्तरियता मापन गर्नका लागि फिल्मीकर्मीले यस्तो तरिका अपनाए । जसका कारण, स्तरिय भन्दा संख्या हाबी भयो ।यो बर्ष नेपाली फिल्मका लागि सुखद नबनेको पक्कै हो । तर, यही बर्ष मात्र होइन हाम्रा लागि सुखद नबनेको । यस्ता बर्ष हामीले कैयौ पार गरिसकेका छौ । आफ्नो फिल्म औषत चल्दा फेसबुकमा रमाउने हामी अरुको फिल्म नचल्दा दुखी होइन खुच्चिम भनिरहेका छौ । सायद, हामी चुक्नुको सबैभन्दा ठूलो कारण यही नै हो ।

Source:www.filmykhabar.com

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Online education with modern technology

Online education is defined as the education in which technology is used for exchanging ideas and providing access to many people at one time and learning may be effective. Audio, video and computer networking are used for a delivery system. It is a type of distance learning education.
             Greenberg (1998) defines the distance learning education as a planned learning method, that uses the technologies to reach at a learner presented at distance and is designed to motivate the learners and also the certification of learning.
Many terms are used in describing online education.
They are: virtual education, web based education, internet based education, computer based education and many more.
It is a type of credit granting course which is delivered to the students located at remote location with the help of internet. Online courses may contain the requirement that learners and teachers meet once or regularly in lab, lectures or exam hall as long as that physical setting does not exceed more than 25% of total course time.
Historical Background
In past, online education was thought impossible, but now it becomes the reality. The internet technology has allowed us to get knowledge and learn with people of all over the world. Everyone can connect with each other all over the world with the help of internet. The online education now becomes the new field in education.
The online education has developed in the last 20 years. With the help of advance technology the online education becomes more accessible for the distant learners. The concept of distance education has been introduced in 1970s and 1980s. In the late 1970s, the satellite TV and cable are used for delivering materials of distance education course. However at present situation, the internet of high bandwidth is used to deliver the online educational courses.
With the development of newer and newer technologies, it has been expected that the computer network will play a great part of whole education.
Source: http://edutechnologyinfo.blogspot.com/

Inclusive Education

Inclusive education means including all types of children in education. The aim of inclusive education is to bring all children in the main stream of nation by giving equal opportunities in education according to their need and conditions. It is also known as universal education, accessible education, equitable education. It is a partial part of justice example and a fair justice policy to accept in society. Inclusive education includes all the weak children, road children, children for minorities group, children affected by HIV, AIDS and Leprosy, children in poverty etc. It is a medium to bring all castes, genders groups in different activities of a nation.

Many countries have defined the inclusive education as the development process of an education system that provides to all children to have useful education in non-discriminatory environment of their own community by upholding multicultural differences of the country.

Characteristics of Inclusive Education

  1. Inclusive education includes all children: boys and girls, those from different cultural or linguistic   backgrounds, those with special abilities or learning needs and those affected directly or indirectly by HIV/AIDS.
  2. Inclusive education is gender fair and non discriminatory.
  3. Inclusive education is culturally sensitive, celebrates differences and stimulates learning for all children.
  4. It promotes healthy lifestyles and life skills.
  5. Families, teachers and communities are involved in children’s learning in inclusive education.
  6. It promotes all children from harm violence and abuse.
  7. In inclusive education learning is relevant to children’s daily lives.
  8. Source: http://edutechnologyinfo.blogspot.com/

Developing a Nutrition testing lab in Nepal

A well developed nutrition testing lab is establishing by department of Food Technology and Quality Control (DFTQC).

In current situation, the department can test only the contamination present in food products. It is unable to test the various nutritional components like protein, vitamins, carbohydrates, fat and minerals.

Purna Prasad Awasti, the DFTWC spokesperson said that, the purposed lab could test the nutritional values present in food products.

He said ‘the lab will test even the complex type of nutrition in food items’.

The department has proposed around 25-30 millions for developing the lab. At present Nepali exporters are facing a great problems in importing countries due to absence of such testing lab. They have to test such food products in Indian laboratories which cost much time and money.

Wasti clamed that the new lab will also be able to test ‘trans fat’ and ‘saturated fat’ which are supposed one of the main factor which is responsible for causing cholesterol, heart problems, obesity and other heart diseases.

At present, the DFTQC lab has ability to certify 25 different parameters including microlevel fatty acid, dietary fibres, vitamins, proteins, and minerals contain.

Source: http://edutechnologyinfo.blogspot.com/

Tribhuvan University Institute of Science and Technology

Central Department of Environmental Science (CDES) was established in 26th October, 2001. It  launch post graduate and doctorate level education in environmental science and technology.
Currently the department has launched different special papers to produce the manpower to meet the demand of nation and to address the current issue in environment. Fresh water conservation and management, Mountain Environment and Sustainable Development are the recently updated special paper course titles. Environmental science being a multi disciplinary science, CDES run work workshops, special training programs and exposure collaborating with different organization to improve the field knowledge of the students along with regular courses.
Since its inception, the department is planning to work hand in hand with the development partners maintaining its academic freedom. The department is currently collaborating with different governmental and nongovernmental organizations. The main collaborating partners are Ministry of Environment, Government of Nepal, Ministry of Local Development, Association for the Development of Environment and People in Transition (ADAPT), Nepal Integrated Development Society (IDS),Nepal Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) , the Glacial Trust, United Kingdom, The small Earth Nepal (SEN).
Source: http://edutechnologyinfo.blogspot.com/

TU with Microbiology

Central department of microbiology was established in 1990 under Institute of Science and Technology (IOST) at TU. It is the oldest and only institution in Nepal which provide both M.Sc. and PhD degree in microbiology. Now CDM and other eight TU affiliated colleges also offers the M.Sc. program of microbiology. Each year around 300 students are enrolled in M.Sc. program of TU which is the highest enrollment in the biological sciences and also in top of all affiliation given to private colleges of TU, IOST. Similarly, every year around 700 students get BSc degree majoring in microbiology from 20 colleges of TU of which 8 are constituents and rests are TU affiliated colleges. Our past MSc microbiology graduates from CDM have also proven themselves as highly reputed and skilled manpower in their field and successfully completed and get PhD degree from reputed institutes and Universities of USA, India, Korea, Japan, German, UK etc. Our is highly recognized in USA and MSc degree holders from our department get admission directly in PhD without any further master’s degree.
Microbiology is the study of microbes and their interactions with humans, animals, plants, and the environment.  Microbes are those organisms usually too small to be seen by the naked eye, such as bacteria, viruses and archaea, and eukaryotes like yeast, protozoa and algae.
Microbes influence all living things and contribute to all manner of chemical and physical processes.  Because these activities are so diverse, the science of microbiology is multidisciplinary, calling on the skills and knowledge of individuals specializing in many different fields of life science, environmental science, and engineering.  Microbiology arose, and continues to profit from, several previously independent scientific and medical disciplines, including bacteriology, virology, public health science, clinical microbiology, immunology, parasitology, vaccinology, and a host of other areas of inquiry.  Microbiologists work in basic and applied research, clinical settings, manufacturing of food and other goods, public health, environmental protection, and other domains.

Source:http://edutechnologyinfo.blogspot.com/

Effefct of Technology in Classroom

Technology and learning

“Incorporating technology into the classroom requires a double innovation,” says Shelley Pasnik, director of the Center for Education and Technology, Educators who receive new technology must first learn how to use the equipment and then decide whether or not it supports the class objectives and curriculum.
For example, an instructor may restructure a lecture into a group activity, having students conduct online research to boost their understanding. With such a vast reference tool, the students might pose questions that no one in the class, not even the teacher himself, can answer. Many teachers and schools choose to avoid this situation by discouraging the use of computers in a well-organized lesson. Their latest shipment of Smartboards, ELMOs, or iPads stays locked in a closet as they struggle to find the time to effectively incorporate them into the curriculum plan.
Despite the challenges, incorporating technology into education still has proven benefits, especially when it comes to personalized learning. From math games that adjust the level of difficulty as players progress to electronic books that talk and respond to the tap of a finger, products that personalize the learning experience for students often benefit their understanding. An interactive game is more engaging than a book, so technology often promotes more practice and review in areas requiring memorization, such as spelling, math and geography. This frees up time in the classroom so educators can focus on skills like problem solving, character development and critical thinking.
Technology also makes it easier to spend more overall time on learning. “After school and weekend time can become effective learning time with the right technology,” says David Vinca, founder and executive director of eSpark Learning, an education company that focuses on bringing iPads and iPods into the classroom. Much like how smart phones extend the workday by allowing professionals to send emails anytime, educational technology extends the school day for kids who will happily play multiplication games or review grammar on computer programs.
Educators also find it easier to track and assess student progress with the help of technology. At the end of each lesson cycle in eSpark’s app, students record a video summarizing what they’ve learned, and email it to their teacher. If a student consistently misspells words of a certain pattern, the teacher will know immediately and reintroduce that specific skill. This kind of data-driven information is invaluable for teachers who want to revise and review.

Maximizing Your Child’s Tech Time

Consider these three tips when you consider your child’s daily interaction with technology
  • Look for Connections. When students use technology, it should be within the context of larger learning goals rather than in isolation. “Technology used in isolation is less effective than when it’s integrated into a curricular set of activities,” says Pasnik.
  • Don’t Assume. There are a lot of facts floating out there, and everyone has an opinion. Base your understanding of education technology on reliable sources. Pasnik suggests asking your child’s teacher about how technology is incorporated into the curriculum.
  • It’s All in the Application. The success of any tool depends on how it’s used. Ask how a gadget or program furthers higher thinking, basic skills, or the child’s ability to evaluate, analyze, and synthesize ideas. This way, you’ll ensure that it’s being used for more than its novelty.Source:http://edutechnologyinfo.blogspot.com/

Looking Ahead

Technology may be changing the experience of education, but the role of teachers and parents grow increasingly important as they become the experts and guides for new learning resources. Teachers remain the constant in an ever-changing classroom environment, which will continue to shift with the technological tides. Vinca agrees. “However technology is used in class, it has the opportunity to be a game changer.”